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Norwegian Genealogical Terms

Norwegian TermEnglish Translation
andre gong

(the) second time

anleggsarbeidar (n)

Construction worker

år (n)

year(s)

arbeidar (n)

laborer

att

again

attende

back (again)

attgift

remarried

barn/born (n)

child/children

barnlaus(e)

childless

bonde (n)

farmer, peasant

bondegods (n)

land owned by a freeholder (bonde)

borgstove (n)

dwelling house for servants

bruk (n)

farm unit; usually a single holding of land of varying size, owned or rented that is occupied and run by one household

brukar (n)

farm operator; either a freeholder, tenant farmer, or crofter

bruksdeling (n)

the partition of a farm unit that is assessed for tax purposes

bruksnummer (bnr.) (n)

independent farm unit that is assessed for tax purposes; most often makes up a portion of a <<matrikkelgard>>, see below

bu/budde (v)

reside/resided

bygd(i) (n)

(the) rural district/rural area

bygdeting (ting) (n)

local court with judicial and administrative tasks

bygsel (n)

lease of landed property

bygsle (v)

to lease; usually a farm or a part thereof or a piece of land assessed for tax purposes

dei

they/them

diplom (n)

diploma; official document from the Middle Ages

dotter (n)

daughter

døypt

baptized

ektefelle/ektemake (n)

spouse

enkje (n)

widow

enkjemann (n)

widower

erving (n)

heir

fabrikkarbeidar (n)

factory worker

far (n)

father

feste (n)

agreement or contract; applies to marriage (the engagement contract) or the act of renting land

festesetel/festebrev (n)

binding written agreement or contract; most often refers to the contract between the freeholder and the crofter when the latter assumed the duty to rent a croft

fiskar (n)

fisherman

fjøs (n)

barn for different animal types, including a cow barn, goat barn, sheep barn, etc.

flaumsag (n)

sawmill dependent upon flooding to grind the grain

flytta (v)

move/migrate

foreldri (n)

the parents

forretningsmann (n)

business man

før

before/prior to

føregåande

preceeding/last

første gong

(the) first time

fut (n)

bailiff, royal civil servant who collected taxes and fines; could also serve as prosecutor in criminal proceedings

gard (n)

farm; refers to a farming unit owned or rented by the holder or a group of farming units with a common name

gardbrukar (n)

farmer; refersto the operator of an independent farm unit including a freeholder or a tenant farmer

gardsbruk (n)

farm unit

gift

married

gravlagd

buried

hans

his

hennar

her

høgmellomalder (n)

the High Middle Ages (Ca. 1030—1350 AD)

huslyd (n)

household/family

husmann (n)

crofter; a person who rented land that was not assessed for tax purposes. The rent was paid through work performance

husmannsplass (n)

croft; farm unit located on land not assessed for taxation

i

at/on/in

ikkje

not

innerst (n)

a person who rented a room and formed a separate house hold; residing servant

jarnalder (n)

the Iron Age (ca. 500 BC-550 AD)

jente (n)

girl/single woman

jordebok (n)

cadastre, public land register;

jordkjellar/ kjellar (n)

house fully or partly dug down in the ground used for the storage of food, especially root crops; could also refer to the basement of the dwelling house

kanskje

perhaps

kår (n)

life allowance given to the retired farm couple by the buyer on the cession of the estate, usually including having a room or a building on the farm at their disposal, and the access to a certain amount of fuel, farm produce, animals, etc.

kårkone (n)

retired farmer’s or crofter’s wife/widow

kårmann (n)

retired farmer or crofter

kårstove (n)

retired farmer’s residence

kilometer (n)

kilometre; 1 k. = 0,62 mile

kjend som

known as

kone (n)

wife

kongeskøyte (n)

warranty deed issued by the King; including landed property belonging to the King, clerical institutions,and other public property

kontormann (n)

office clerk

korn (n)

grain

kring

approximately

lagrette (n)

jury

landskyld (n)

annual rent on individual assessed parcels of land; also employed to measure the size of the farm unit and as a basis for taxation

laup (n)

unit of measure and weight system; usually measured in butter. The unit had regional variations, but one laup usually was equivalent to a weight of 15,4 kg. or 34 pounds and 16,2 liters, equivalent to a little less than four gallons. It also refers to landed property units that gave 1 laup of butter or an equivalent sum in annual rent.

lauskar (n)

single man

lauve (v)

the action of collecting foliage from trees for animal fodder

lækjar (n)

Medical Doctor

lærar (n)

school teacher

legd (n)

a system of poor relief that existed in rural areas in Norway before the introduction of social welfare defined by a number of farm units designed to take care of paupers

legdelem (n)

pauper; usually were cared for by farm families that made up a <<legd,> see above

leidang (n)

a naval defence organization originating in the era of the unification of Norway in the 9th century AD until the late Middle Ages, including the organization of a fleet of conscripted warships by peasants in a skipreide

leiglending (n)

tenant farmer; a person renting a farm or a farm unit that is assessed for tax purposes

leiglendingsbruk (n)

tenant farm

likeins

as well

løe (n)

building for storing hay and grain

makeskifte/makebyte (n)

exchange of deeds (where two farmers change properties)

mål (n)

acreage unit for field and meadow; could vary greatly from region to region; equivalent to a 1/4 of an acre

månadsmatabol (n)

landed unit in use during the Middle Ages, equivalent to an annual rent of 1 laup smør; 1 m. = 1 såldsåd

mann (n)

man

matrikkel (n)

public record or land register; include farm units that were assessed for tax purposes

matrikkelgard (n)

a farm listed in a public record or land register with a separate farm number; may consist of several <<bruksnummer>> (farm units), see above

me

we

mekanikar (n)

mechanic

mellomalderen (n)

the Middle Ages (approx. 550—1536 AD)

mor (n)

mother

namn (n)

name

naust (n)

boathouse

nemne (v)

mention

nok

apparently

nokre

some/several

odelsgods (n)

landed property subject to allodial rights

odelsrett (n)

allodial right; a certain right to own landed property because the person in question or his/her ancestors have owned it for a certain period of time; includes the right to redeem the property from another owner if the land is sold out of the family

og

and

og/også

also

om lag

approximately

oppsitjar (n)

the person operating a farm unit

overføre (v)

hand down, transfer (property, etc.)

på

on/at/in

paktar (n)

tenant

parfolk (n)

couple

plass (n)

croft

prestebol (n)

pastor’s domicile or farm that belonged to the pastor

prestebordsgods (n)

landed property connected with the pastoral office

så

then/next

seinmellomalder (n)

the late Middle Ages (approx. 1350—1536 AD)

sist(e)

last

sjå

see

sjukepleiar (n)

nurse

skav (n)

peeled bark used as animal fodder in times of emergency

skifte (n)

administration or distribution of an estate

skild(e)

divorced

skipreide (n)

originally a geographical defence unit in which peasants were responsible for the equipment and peopling of ships; later developing into an organization built around a ting, a local self-ruling unit

skomakar (n)

shoemaker

skøyte (n)

deed

skreddar (n)

tailor

skrede (n)

landslide, avalanche

skyld (n)

figure indicating size and tax value of farm unit

skylddeling (n)

the division of a holding into one or more parcels; the assessed value of the holding prior to division was reduced accordingly and the boundaries for the new property were determined at the division

slåtte, slåttemark (n)

pasture

småbruk

smaller freehold

småbrukar (n)

farm operator of a smaller freehold

smørskyld, skatteskyld

basis for the taxation of landed property; used for the first time in the public register of 1665/1666

snikkar (n)

carpenter

snøskrede (n)

snowslide

som

as/who/which

son(en)

(the) son

sorenskrivar (n)

district court judge

stabbur (n)

storage house built on short pillars for farm produce such as grain, meat, etc.

stedotter (n)

stepdaughter

stefar (n)

stepfather

steinskrede (n)

rockslide

stemor (n)

stepmother

steson (n)

stepson

stovehus (n)

dwelling house; in this connection a residential (farm) house

støl (n)

spring/summer mountain pasture including farm buildings, usually a dwelling house, a cow barn and one or several hay barns

strandsitjar (n)

a person who rented land with a dwelling house near the coast, most often located in a city or village; in contrast to the crofter (husmann), the strandsitjar owned the dwelling house

svartedauden (n)

the Black Death, the bubonic plague (1349—50)

svigerfar (n)

father-in-law

svigerinne (n)

sister-in-law

svigermor (n)

mother-in-law

svigerson (n)

son-in-law

svoger (n)

brother-in-law

sysken (n)

brothers and sisters

syskenbarn (n)

first cousin

ta/tok

over take/took over

teig (n)

parcel of land

teigblanding (n)

the blending of parcels of land; resulting from numerous land divisions

tena/tente (v)

serve/served

tiende (n)

tithe

til

to (prep.)

tomtebruk (n)

parcel of land with a dwelling house (no farm land)

torv (n)

turf, sod

tredje gong

(the) third time

treske (v)

thresh

truleg

probably

trulova

enganged

tun (n)

farm yard enclosed by buildings; also used about the location of the farm houses together with barns and other associated buildings

turkestove (n)

building where grain (and malt) was dried

ugift

unmarried

uthus (n)

outbuilding; large building including a cow barn, a stable, hay barn, etc.under one roof

utmark (n)

outfield

utskifting (n)

land consolidation;dissolution of joint ownership and the blending of strips of land; employed both on the infield and the outfield

utvandre

emigrate

vegarbeidar (n)

road construction worker

veit ikkje

do not know

visstnok

apparently

No matches for term

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Dictionary used with permission of Terje Mikael Hasle Joranger and taken from Gards- og ættesoge for Luster Kommune, volume 7, published 2007.

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